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Who were the weavers?

by Harshit
Who were the weavers

In today’s post, Who were the weavers? If you want to know about weavers, then read this post carefully, so let’s start…

Who were the weavers?

Weavers are often in communities that are specialized in weaving. His skills were passed from one generation to the next. Tanti weavers of Bengal, Julaha or Momin weavers of North India, Sale and Kaikolar and Devang of South India are some of the communities which are famous for weaving,

The first stage of production was spinning – a job mostly done by women. Charkha and Takli were domestic spinning tools. The thread is tossed on the spinning wheel and rolled on the takel. When the spinning was over, the cloth was woven by the weaver. Weaving was a work performed by men in most of the communities. For colored textiles, the thread was dyed by Dior. Known as Rangrej. For printed fabric, the weavers need the help of specialist block printers known as chipigars. Handloom weaving and allied occupations provided livelihood to millions of Indians.

Decline of Indian clothing

Decline of Indian clothing

Decline of Indian clothing

The growth of cotton industries in Britain affected the textile producers in India in many ways. First: Indian textiles now had to compete with British textiles in the European and American markets. Second: Exporting textiles to England also became difficult as Indian textiles imported into Britain were subject to very high duties.
until the beginning of the nineteenth century. The English successfully ousted Indian goods from their traditional markets in cotton textile Africa. America and Europe. Thousands of weavers were now thrown out of employment in India, with the weavers of Bengal being the worst affected. English and European companies stopped buying Indian goods and their agents did not advise weavers to secure supplies.

The distressed weavers wrote petitions to the government for their help but the worst was still to come. British until the 1830’s Cotton cloth flooded the Indian markets.

In fact, by the 1880s two-thirds of all cotton clothing worn by Indians was made up of cloth produced in Britain. This affected not only the specialist weavers but also the spinners. Thousands of rural women who made a living by spinning yarn were rendered jobless. Handloom weaving was not fully developed in India.

This was because some types of clothing could not be supplied by machines. How can machines produce sarees with intricate borders or fabric with traditional woven patterns? These were widely demanded not only among the rich but also among the middle class. Nor did the textile manufacturers in Britain produce the very coarse fabrics used by the poor people in India.

You must have heard of Solapur in Western India and Madura in South India. These cities emerged as important new weaving centers in the late nineteenth century. Later, during the national movement, Mahatma Gandhi urged people to boycott imported textiles and use hand-spun and hand-woven fabrics. Khadi gradually became a symbol of nationalism. The spinning wheel came to represent India, and was placed at the center of the tricolor flag of the Indian National Congress, adopted in 1931.

What happened to the weavers and spinners who lost their livelihood? Many weavers became agricultural labourers. Some migrated to cities in search of work, and still others moved out of the country to plant plantations in Africa and South America. Some of these handloom weavers also worked in the new cotton mills that were set up in Bombay (now Mumbai), Ahmedabad, Solapur, Nagpur and Kanpur. Cotton mills come up.

The first cotton mill in India was established as a spinning mill in Bombay in 1854.

By the early nineteenth century, Bombay had developed into an important port for the export of raw cotton from India to England and China. It was close to the vast black soil tract of western India where cotton was grown. When cotton mills arose, they were easily supplied with raw materials.

By 1900, more than 84 mills started operating in Bombay. Many of these were established by Parsi and Gujarati traders who earned their money through trade with China.

Mills also grew in other cities. The first mill in Ahmedabad was started in 1861. A year later a mill was established in Kanpur, United Provinces. With the growth of cotton mills, the demand for labor increased. Thousands of poor farmers, artisans and agricultural laborers migrated to the cities to work in the mills.

In the first few decades of its existence, the textile factory industry in India faced many problems. It was difficult to compete with cheap textiles imported from Britain. In most countries, governments supported industrialization by imposing heavy tariffs on imports. This put an end to competition and protected baby industries. The colonial government in India generally refused such protection to local industries. The first major spurt in the development of cotton factory production in India was during World War I, when textile imports from Britain declined and Indian factories were asked to produce cloth for military supplies.


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