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Town-Planning and Structures of Harappa Civilization

by Harshit
Town-Planning and Structures of Harappa Civilization

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Town-Planning and Structures of Harappa Civilization

Both Harappa and Mohenjodaro had their own forts where the people of the ruling class lived. Each town had a lower level town outside the fort where ordinary people lived in brick houses. The unique thing about the buildings in these cities was that they were arranged like a grid. Accordingly, the roads cut each other at right angles and the city was divided into several sections. This was applicable to all Indus settlements, be it small or big of Chai. Large buildings are characteristic of both Harappa and Mohenjodaro: the second is even more rich in buildings..

Town Planning and Structures of Harappa Civilization

His monuments show that the rulers there were extremely skilled in lentil gathering and tax collection. Seeing the big buildings of bricks, ordinary people would also feel that how majestic and dignified their rulers are.

Town Planning and Structure

Perhaps the most important public place in Mohenjodaro is the huge bathhouse; Whose reservoir is in the mound of the fort. It is a beautiful example of brick architecture. It is 11.88 m long, 7.01 m wide and 2.43 m deep. There are medias at both ends till the bottom. Next to it are changing rooms. The floor of the bathroom is made of pitch. There is a big well in the adjoining room. Water was taken out from it and poured into the cistern. There is an outlet in the corner of the reservoir, from which the water flows into the drain, it is said that this huge bath was made for the ritual bath, which has been necessary in every religious ceremony in India.

Town Planning Harappa Civilization

The biggest building of Mohenjodaro is the grain storage room, which is 45.71 m long and 15.23 m wide. But in the Harappan fort, six cisterns have been found, which are standing in two rows on platforms made of bricks. Each cistern is 15.23 m long and 6.09 m wide and is few meters away from the river bank.

The total area of ‚Äč‚Äčthese twelve units is about 838.1025 sqm, which is almost the same as that of the storehouse of Mohenjodaro. To the south of the Harappan dungeons is the open floor, and on it are two rows of intersecting circular platforms. It is clear that they were used in the work of harvesting crops, because grains of wheat and cumin have been found in the cracks of the floor.


There are also two-room barracks in Harappa, which may have been used to house the workers. were meant. In Kalibanga also, brick platforms have been found in the south part of the city, which may have been made for the storages. Thus it is clear that the Kothars were an important part of the Harappan culture. The use of burnt bricks in the cities of Harappan culture is special, because only sun-dried bricks were used in contemporary Egyptian buildings. In contemporary Mesopotamia, burnt bricks were used on a very large scale; the drainage system of Mohenjodaro was amazing.

Almost every small or big house in all the cities had a courtyard and a bathroom. Many houses in Kalibanga had their own wells. The water from the houses would flow down to the streets where peacocks were built under them. Often these peacocks were covered with bricks and stone ingots. Manholes were also made in these peacocks of Sahaks, the remains of roads and peacocks have also been found in Banawali.


Overall the arrangement of bathrooms and peacocks is unique. The exhaust system of Harappa is even more unique. Perhaps no other civilization of the Bronze Age gave such importance to health and cleanliness as the people of the Harappan culture.


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