Features of Bhakti Movement: I hope that you must have heard about the Bhakti movement and with the help of today’s post I am going to tell you about the characteristics of the Bhakti movement.
Features of Bhakti Movement
1. The concept of Bhakti means true allegiance to the One God. The object of worship of the devotee is to obtain the grace of God for salvation.
2. The Bhakti cult abandoned rituals and yagyas as methods of worship and emphasized humanism and loyalty in place of purity of heart and mind as the easy path to the realization of God.
3. The Bhakti movement was primarily a monotheistic sect and the devotees worshiped only one God, who could be either in sagun form or in nirguna form. Sagunopasakas were known as Vaishnavas, and were divided into two branches, Krishnamargi and Ramamargi. His adoration Rama or Krishna were both incarnations of Vishnu. Nirguna followers did not believe in idol worship. He used to say that God is omnipresent and resides in the heart of every person.
4. Philosophically both Saguna and Nirguna believed in the Upanishadic philosophy of Advaita, in which various Bhakti saints had suggested many distinctions.
5. Bhakti saints of North and South India considered knowledge as an element of devotion. Since that knowledge could be acquired through a teacher or a guru, the Bhakti movement placed great emphasis on obtaining real knowledge from the guru.
6. The Bhakti movement also condemned the domination and rituals of the priestly class. According to Bhakti saints, one can realize God through devotion and personal effort. Therefore, there was no place for yagyas and daily rituals in the Bhakti movement.
7. The Bhakti saints preached in the common language of the masses and therefore contributed immensely to the development of modern Indian languages, such as Hindi, Marathi, Bengali and Gujarati.
Thus it can be seen that the Bhakti cult was a widespread movement, which agitated the entire continent of India for many centuries. It was a mass movement and aroused his keen interest in it. Perhaps after the decline of Buddhism, there has never been such a widespread and popular movement in our country.
Although the core principles of love and devotion to one’s presiding deity are entirely of Hinduism and the principle of unity of divinity is also mainly of Hinduism, on which its teachings rest, the movement was strongly influenced by Islamic beliefs and practices. was. The Bhakti movement had two main objectives – one was to reform Hinduism, so that it would be able to resist the blows of Islamic propaganda and conversion, and the second was to establish a harmony between Hinduism and Islam, so that Hindus and Muslims To establish friendly relations among the communities.
It succeeded substantially in achieving the first objective of simplifying worship and liberalizing traditional caste rules. The upper and lower sections of the Hindu masses forgot many of their prejudices and began to believe in the message of the reformers of the Bhakti sect that all people are equal in the eyes of God and that birth is not a barrier to religious liberation.
Many sages of northern India followed the Bhakti sect. Ramananda, Kabir, Nanak, Chaitanya and other saints were its centerpieces. Most of the saints of the early Bhakti movement came from the south. The Bhakti movement associated with the southern group was more conservative than popular, but this was not the case with the northern group. The devotees of the northern group did not ponder over the esoteric questions of theology.
In fact, his views and perspectives took different philosophies; He was liberal and secular. Caste was not a basis in the new Bhakti movement. Many devout poets were targeted by the lower castes. His message was for both the rich and the poor, the upper and lower castes, the educated and the uneducated.
With the help of this post, I have told you about the features of Bhakti Movement, hope that you will like the information given by me, if yes, then definitely share this information with your friends also. Thank you!