Hello friends, through this article today, I am going to tell you about the result of the Arab conquest of Sindh and what are its effects and what are the effects. I’m gonna give so let’s start…
Consequences of Arab conquest of Sindh
Scholars differ on the results of the Arab conquest of Sindh and Multan on the history of India. According to Sir Buljle Hague, “The Arab conquest of Sindh yielded no results. Only the names of a few Arab families and the buildings they built have been given. There is no sign left except the ruins.” But Colonel Todd has expressed the opposite view, according to him, this victory had a deep impact on the politics of India. This created a political stir all over India. But this is not entirely true, because the expansion of the Arabs did not extend beyond Rajasthan. So it was only a regional phenomenon. From the political point of view, it has to be accepted that till the end of the Middle Ages, the power of the Muslims was established over Sindh continuously. Arab travelers, merchants and religious preachers continued to come to India and explored India, which benefited the future invaders.
The Arab invasion brought about a reconciliation of the two cultures. Muslim architecture entered India. The Arabs received a variety of new practical knowledge from Indian musicians, craftsmen and physicians. Caliph Haroon al-Rashid was a great lover of Indian culture. He called an Indian doctor for his incurable disease. He invited Indian scholars to his capital Baghdad. With his help got the translation of various scriptures done in Arabic language. Due to this translation, these scriptures were also propagated in Europe. H. G. According to Wells, “The lamp of knowledge was received by the Arabs from India in the Middle Ages, when the darkness of ignorance was overshadowing Europe.” Heble wrote that, “The Arab conquest of Sindh enabled Islam to use India’s inexhaustible, spiritual and material resources and became their agent to distribute them throughout Europe.” During the reign of Caliph Mas’ud, the Arabs took the texts ‘Brahsiddhanta’ and ‘Khandkhadyak’ from India to Baghdad and translated them into Arabic. Arabs got the knowledge of numbers from India itself. The stories of ‘Charaka Samhita’ and ‘Panchatantra’ were also translated into Arabic.
Buddhism and other religions had an impact on Islam and Islam was also accepted by many border provincial citizens. The burden of this Islam later took the form of a huge tree. Thus the religious and cultural impact of the Arab invasion remained permanent and indelible.
Invasion of turks
After the Arabs were the Turks who invaded India. Turks in India originally came from Central Asia. A Turk named Alplagin established his independent kingdom in 963 AD in Ghazni, but his successors were incompetent. Subuktagin seized power by killing him. He was the son-in-law and slave of Alptagin. In 977 AD, he became the ruler and continued to rule for about twenty years.
The ruler of the Hindushahi dynasty, Jaipal was a very mighty and ambitious ruler. He planned to attack Ghazni with a huge army, but due to a terrible storm on the way, his army got disturbed. Finally, according to a humiliating treaty, Jayapala agreed to give 50 elephants, some Banaras and a part of the land to Subuktagin. But on his return to Lahore, he rejected these conditions. Subuktagin got angry and attacked Jaipal. The Pratihara, Chauhan and Chandela kings of Kannauj along with Jaipal fought the Turkish army, but the Indian kings were defeated in this battle in the valley of Kurram. Jaipal again had to make a humiliating treaty and Subuktagin’s army also had to be allowed to remain in Peshawar in India. His rule extended to Lamgan and Peshawar. Subuktagin laid the foundation of Islamic rule in India, but he was not much interested in spreading the religion of Islam. But the ideology of his son Mahmud Ghaznavi was opposite from that of his father.
- KNOW ABOUT THE MALE DEITIES OF THE INDUS VALLEY
- TREES AND ANIMALS WERE WORSHIPED AT THE TIME OF HARAPA
- POST-URBAN PHASE OF HARAPPAN CULTURE
- ARRIVAL OF NEWCOMERS TO THE INDUS VALLEY
What did you know?
Through today’s article, I have told you about the result of Arab conquest of Sindh and along with this I have also described some effects in this article if you guys liked this article written by me. So definitely share it with your friends and tell me by commenting too thank you.