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Agricultural System during the Harappan Civilization

by Harshit
Agricultural System during the Harappan Civilization

If you want to know about Harappan Civilization, then this post is very useful for you people because through this post I have told you about Agricultural System during the Harappan Civilization, let’s know at the time of Harappan Civilization. How was Agricultural condition?

Agricultural System during the Harappan Civilization:

Today the Indus region receives very less rainfall than before, so this region is no longer as fertile. Looking at the rich countryside and cities here, it appears that this region was very fertile in ancient times. Now there is only 15 cm of rain here. In the fourth century BC, a historian of Alexander has been told that Sindh was counted in the fertile parts of this country, in the earlier Indus region. There was more natural vegetation in the area, due to which there was more rainfall here. Wood from the forests here was extensively used for making bricks and building buildings.

Agricultural System during the Harappan Civilization

For a long time, due to the expansion of agriculture, large-scale grazing and the consumption of wood for fuel, the natural vegetation-wealth here was eroded. Perhaps the main reason for the fertility of this region was the annual floods from the Indus river. The baked brick walls erected to protect the village show that the latter used to come every year. Where did the Indus river carry more alluvial soil than the Nile of Minn and leave it in the later plains.

Agricultural System

Just as the Nauls built Egypt and fed the people there, so the Indus River created the Sindh region and fed the people there. The people of the Indus civilization used to pay aj-yo in the flood plains in the month of November when the flood subsided and harvested their wheat and barley crops in the month of April, before the arrival of the next flood.

Agricultural System harappa

No shovel or plow has been found here, but the plows (Halrekha) seen in the Pre-Harappan stage of Kalibanga suggest that plows were used in Rajasthan during the Harappan period. The Harappans probably used wooden plows. It is not known whether this plow was pulled by men or bulls. Stone sickles were probably used to harvest the crop. The practice of building reservoirs by enclosing dams or nallahs has been characteristic of Balochistan and some parts of Afghanistan, but irrigation with canals or nallahs does not seem to have been the practice.

Harappan Civilization 1

The Harappan villages, which were mostly in the flood plains, produced abundant food grains, which not only met their own needs, but also to meet the needs of artisans, traders and ordinary citizens of the city who were not involved in agricultural activities. It was enough too. The people of Indus civilization used to grow grains like wheat, barley, rye, peas etc. They used to grow two types of wheat and barley. The ji found in Banawali is of good quality.

Agricultural System during the Harappan Civilization tools

Apart from these, they also used to grow sesame and mustard. But the situation of the Harappans living in Harappan Lothal has been different. The people of Lothal seem to have grown rice as early as 1800 BC, the remains of which have been found there. At Mohenjodaro and Harappa, and probably also at Kalibanga, grain was stored in large cisterns. The grain was probably taken as revenue from the peasants and deposited in dungeons to pay wages and work in times of distress. We can say this from the example of the cities of Mesopotamia where barley was given as wages. The credit of first producing cotton goes to the people of Indus civilization.


Because cotton was first produced in the Indus region, the Greeks started calling it Sindon, which is derived from the word Sind. Despite being dependent on agriculture, the Harappans kept many animals, they were Val-ma buffalo, goat, Sheep and pigs were raised. He had a special fondness for the humped saad. Kunai were into pets from the beginning. Cats were also raised. The footprints of both the dog and Willie have been found.

Harappan Civilization water system

They also kept donkeys and camels and probably carried barren on them. The existence of the horse has been indicated from an upper surface of Mohenjodaro and a suspicious sculpture (terracotta) found at Lothal. Horse remains have been reported to have been found at Surkotada, west of Gujarat, and are dated to around 2000 BC, but the identity is doubtful. In any case, it is quite clear that the Harappan civilization was not equine, neither the bones of a horse nor its forms have been found in the early and mature stages of the Harappan culture.

The Harappans had knowledge of elephants. He was also familiar with rhinoceros. The people of the cities of Sumer, contemporary to Mesopotamia, produced grain like these people, and their domesticated animals were often the same as theirs. But the Harappans who settled in Gujarat grew rice and raised elephants. Both of these things do not apply to the townspeople of Mesopotamia.


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